Glossary I-Z:

Ileostomy: see colostomy. Ileostomies are necessary where disease or injury has rendered the large intestine incapable of safely processing intestinal waste, typically because the colon has been wholly removed
 

Incontinence: the inability to control defecation.

"When the urge to purge makes you need to speed,
To Dr. Aquino's office should you proceed."

(Eat your heart out Cochran)

See Bowel Incontinence
 

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a group of disorders that cause the intestines to become inflamed (red and swollen). The inflammation lasts a long time and usually comes back over and over again. Examples are Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Treatment is usually with medications but when this fails, surgery is needed

Intestinal Fistula: an abnormal tube like connection between the intestine and the skin surface, or another organ such as the bladder or vagina.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: a condition affecting bowel activity resulting in cramping, bloating, gas, and diarrhea alternating with constipation. Also called spastic colon.

 

Perianal abscess: Perianal abscesses can be seen in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease) or diabetes. Often the abscess will start as an internal wound caused by infection of glands that are just inside the anus. This often shows itself as a lump of tissue near the anus which grows larger and more painful with the passage of time. A surgical drainage will often resolve the problem

Perineum: the area of between the anus and the genitals.

Piles: see hemorrhoids

Pilonidal cysts and sinuses: an infection in the skin around the tail bone or coccyx. Probably caused by ingrowing hair.

Polyps: Mushroom like growths on the colon and rectum that are frequently premalignant. They are found by colonoscopy and if not removed may go on to form a cancer.

Proctology: The knowledge of diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the anus and rectum.

Prolapse: An abnormal protrusion of the intestine, frequently the rectum, uterus or bladder.


 

Rectal Prolapse: see prolapse.

Rectocele: Bulging of the rectum into the back wall of the vagina. When this is large, stool will pocket in it, resulting in incomplete bowel movements.

Rectum: The lowest part of the large bowel, lying above the anus.  (sometimes misspelled 'Wrecked-Em')

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons: Founded in 1599, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, UK enjoys a history spanning four centuries. Physicians certified by this institution as Fellows (FRCS), have completed a rigorous hospital residency training and have passed a series of demanding written, clinical and oral examinations.

SemiColon ; What is left after half the colon is surgically removed; also a punctuation mark.

Ulcerative Colitis: an inflammatory disease of the bowel that usually affects the lower end of the large intestine and rectum. It has no known cause, although there is a genetic component to susceptibility.

Warts: see Condyloma

Z: The 26th and last letter of the English alphabet. We say ZEE, they say ZED, 'nuff said... and the girl in the adjoining picture is tired and would like to go home to bed.