Colon: in addition being a punctuation mark, it is the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted.
Colonics: Colonics or Colonic Hydrotherapy is a technique of washing out the colon with special, high tech enemas. A great way to prep the bowel prior to colonoscopy, and often used in the treatment of constipation.
Colonoscopy: Examination of the colon with a flexible scope. Used mainly in screening for colo/rectal cancer. The American Cancer Association recommends a scope at age 50 (45 for Americans of African descent).
Colostomy: a surgical procedure that involves connecting a part of the colon onto the abdominal wall, leaving the patient with an opening on the abdomen called a stoma. This opening is formed from the end of the large intestine drawn out through the incision and sutured to the skin. After a colostomy, feces leave the patient's body through the stoma, and collect in a bag attached to the patient's abdomen which is changed when necessary. Colostomies are viewed negatively due to the misconception that it is difficult to hide the smell of feces and the bag and even keeping it securely attached. However, modern colostomy bags are well-designed and allow stoma patients to continue normal activities.
Condyloma: a very contagious sexually transmitted disease. Caused by some variants of the Human papillomavirus, typically HPV 6 and HPV 11, it is spread during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. About two-thirds of people who have a single sexual contact with a partner with genital warts will develop warts, usually within three months of contact. In women the warts occur on the outside and inside of the vagina, on the opening (cervix) to the womb (uterus), or around the anus. While genital warts are approximately as prevalent in men, the symptoms of the disease may be less obvious. When present, they usually are seen on the tip of the penis. They also may be found on the shaft of the penis, on the scrotum, or around the anus. Rarely, genital warts also can develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sex with an infected person. Certain strains of warts if untreated may progress to a form of skin cancer.
Constipation: a condition of the digestive system where a person experiences hard feces that is difficult to eliminate; it may be extremely painful, and in extreme cases (fecal impaction) lead to symptoms of bowel obstruction. Causes may be dietary, hormonal and anatomical. Treatment is with a change in dietary habits, laxatives, fiber therapy, enemas, and rarely surgery.
Crohn’s Disease: no, not necessarily a condition affecting cosmetically challenged elderly women. Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive tract and it can involve any part of it, from the mouth to the anus. It typically affects the area where the small intestine joins the colon, as well as segments of large bowel, with other areas of the bowel being relatively unaffected. It is often associated with auto-immune disorders outside the bowel, such as aphthous stomatitis (mouth ulcers) and rheumatoid arthritis.